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Dictionar de termeni tehnici roman – englez – francez pentru industria de automobile

November 6, 2013

Scopul acestui articol este de a pune la dispozitia tuturor celor interesati o lista cu cei mai uzitati termeni tehnici folositi in domeniul autovehiculelor rutiere tradusi din limba romana in limba engleza, respectiv franceza folosind terminologia corecta si/sau consacrata.

Prezentarea se adreseaza fie celor care doresc sa citeasca o documentatie tehnica si nu cunosc anumiti termeni, fie celor doresc sa redacteze un document tehnic si vor sa foloseasca terminologia corecta din limba respectiva.

Pentru a usura accesul catre indexul tehnic prezentarea va fi structurata pe capitole tehnice traduse in urmatoarea ordine:

romana – engleza – franceza

Car-Engine-Diagram-and-Terminology

Index tehnic motor

MOTOR

alezaj – bore – alesage

arbore cotit – crankshaft – vilebrequin

arbore cu came – camshaft – arbre de distribution / arbre a cames

arcul supapei – valve spring – ressort de soupape

baie de ulei –  oil pan / oil sump – carter d’huile

baleiaj – scavenging – balayage

benzina – gasoline / petrol – essence

benzina fara plumb – unleaded gasoline – essence sans plomb

biela – connecting rod – bielle

bloc motor – engine block – bloc moteur

boltul pistonului – piston pin – axe de piston

buson golire (ulei motor) – drain plug – bouchon de vidange

buson de umplere – filling plug – bouchon de remplissage

calamina – calamine / carbon deposit – calamine

calare a distributiei – valve timing setting – calage de distribution

cama – cam – came

camera de ardere – combustion chamber – chambre de combustion

capac biela –  connecting rod cap / connecting rod bearing cap – chapeau de bielle

capac chiulasa – rocker arm cover / camshaft cover – couvercle de culbuteur

capac distributie – timing cover – couvercle de distribution

capac lagar – bearing cap / bearing cover – chapeau de palier

capul pistonului – piston crown / piston head – tete de piston

carter motor – crankcase – carter du moteur

chiulasa – cylinder head – culasse

colector de admisie / galerie de admisie – intake manifold – collecteur d’admission

colector de evacuare / galerie de evacuare – exhaust manifold – collecteur d’echappement

combustibil – fuel – carburant

culbutor – rocker arm – culbuteur

cuplu motor – engine torque – couple moteur

curea de distributie – timing belt – courroie de distribution

cursa – stroke – course

cuzinet – bearing – coussinet

detonatie – knocking – detonation

distributie – timing – distribution

distributie variabila – variable valve timing – distribution variable

filtru de ulei – oil filter – filtre d’huile

funingine – soot – suie

fus maneton (la arborele cotit) – crankpin – maneton / tourillon de manivelle

fus palier (la arborele cotit) – crankshaft journal – palier

fusta pistonului – piston skirt – jupe de piston

galet – roller – galet

galet arbore cotit – crankshaft pulley – pignon de vilebrequin

garnitura de chiulasa – cylinder head gasket – joint de culasse

gaz de carter – blow-by-gases – gaz de carter

gaz petrolier lichefiat (GPL) – liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) – gaz de petrole liquefie (GPL)

gaze arse – exhaust gases / burnt gases – gaz brules

ghidul supapei – valve guide – guide de soupape

gripare – seizing – grippage

grup motopropulsor – powertrain – groupe motopropulseur

incarcatura proaspata (la M.A.I.) – fresh mixture – gaz frais

intinzator de lant ( la distributie) – chain tensioner / chain tightener – tendeur du chaîne

joc – clearence / play / backlash / gap – jeu

joc termic al mecanismului de distributie – valve clearence – jeu des soupapes

joja de ulei – dipstick – jauge d’huile

lagar – bearing – palier

lagar palier – bearing journal – palier de base

lant de distributie – timing chain – chaîne de distribution

motor (complet) – engine – moteur

motor in patru timpi – 4-stroke engine – moteur a quatre temps

pinion distributie – timing sprocket  – pignon de distribution

piston – piston – piston

piulita – nut – ecrou

putere (motor) – power /output – puissance

ralanti – idle – ralenti

rola de ghidare (la distributie) – guide roller – guide de courroie

saiba – washer – rondelle

saiba de reglaj (pentru reglarea jocului termic) – adjusting shim – rondelle de reglage

scaunul supapei – valve seat – siege de soupape

segment – piston ring – segment

segment de compresie – compression ring – segment de compression

segment raclor – oil control ring – segment racleur

siguranta supapei – valve collet – frein de soupape

simering arbore cotit – crankshaft oil seal – joint de vilebrequin

simering de supapa – valve stem oil seal – joint de soupape

sorb de ulei – oil strainer –

supapa – valve – soupape

supapa de admisie – intake valve – soupape d’admission

supapa de evacuare – exhaust valve – soupape d’emission

surub – bolt – vis

tachet – tappet – taquet

tija supapei – valve stem – tige de soupape

ulei motor – engine oil – huile moteur

ungere – lubricating – graissage / lubrification

uzura – wear / wear & tear – usure

uzura (prin frecare) – scuff – usure par friction / par frottement

volant – flywheel – volant

volant cu masa dubla – dual mass flywheel (DMF) – volant bi-masse

volant cu masa simpla – single mass flywheel (SMF) – volant simple masse

 

SISTEMUL DE RACIRE

antigel – coolant – antigel

aripioara de racire – fin / radiating fin – ailette de refroidissement

buson al vasului de expansiune – expansion tank cap – bouchon du vase d’expansion

conducta de racire – coolant hose/pipe/line – tuyua de refroidissement

jaluzele ale radiatorului – radiator shutter – volet de radiateur

motor ventilator racire – cooling fan motor – moteur ventilateur de refroidissement

pompa de apa – coolant pump / water pump – pompe a eau

radiator – radiator – radiateur

senzor de temperatura (lichid de racire ) – temperature sensor – capteur de température

sistem de racire – cooling system – systeme de refroidissement

termostat – thermostat – thermostat

vas de expansiune – coolant expansion tank – vase d’expansion

ventilator (de racire) – cooling fan – ventilateur (de refroidissement)

 

SISTEMUL DE ALIMENTARE CU AER

admisie de aer – air intake – admission d’air

capac filtru aer – air filter cover – couvercle de filtre a air

carcasa filtru aer – air filter housing – boîtier de filtre à air

clapeta de acceleratie – throttle valve – boitie du papillon

conducta de aer – air hose – tuyau d’air

debitmetru de aer – mass air flow sensor (MAF) – debitmetre d’air

filtru de aer – air filter – filtre d’air

racord (de aer) – connection / junction – raccord

schimbator de caldura (aer – aer ) – intercooler – echangeur thermique

senzor temperatura aer (admisie) – intake air temperature sensor (IAT) – sonde de température d’air d’admission

sistem recirculare gaze de carter – positive crankcase ventilation system (PCV) – systeme de recyclage des gaz du carter (RGC)

turbocompresor – turbocharger – turbocompresseur

* Am despartit unele cuvinte, expresii  prin “slash /” acolo unde exista mai multe variante de traducere corecte consacrate.

Capitolul tehnic urmator se va axa pe sistemele anexe ale motorului: sistemul de racire, sistemul de alimentare cu aer, sistemul de alimentare cu combustibil etc.

From → Termeni Tehnici

7 Comments
  1. Anisoara Gava permalink

    cutie de viteze automata = self shifting- ?

  2. alexa permalink

    ma ajutati va rog……rear skirt ce inseamna? dar diffuser= difuzor?
    mutlumesc

  3. andreea permalink

    viscous differential?

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